新約蒲草紙抄本Early Bible Papyri

【聖經的古抄本可分為蒲草紙抄本(papyrus)抄本,牛羊皮紙(parchment)抄本】

(零碎的古聖經,不少是在第二和三世紀)(Papyrus是單數詞)

回到 華人神學園地

蔡少琪整理

p10 Romans 1:1-7 (page 1)

P10(約公元350年);羅馬書11-7

p16 Philippians 3:10-17 (page 1)

P16(約公元300年);腓立比書310-17

p24 Revelation 6:5-8 (page 1)p24 Revelation 6:5-8 (page 2)

P24(約公元350年);啟示錄5:5-8; 6:5-8

 

 

 

http://www.csntm.org/Manuscript網頁有很齊全的圖片和介紹(參考http://www.csntm.org/Manuscript

Early Bible Papyri:附有部分圖片(P10的例子)

簡介:List of New Testament papyri - Wikipedia聖經抄本 wiki;

信望愛大辭典: Bulrush 蒲草 《聖經植物:第15筆》有這介紹:『蒲草 Cyperus papyrusBulrush Papyrus屬於莎草科,又稱紙草或紙莎草。細長的葉像煙火般地冒出莖的頂部,其莖成熟時高可達5公尺,直徑可達8公分。淡黃色的小花集合成繖形花序於莖頂,外圍綠色苞片。台灣早在一世紀前即引進此植物,在中南部幾乎變成野生種植物。經意:埃及蒲草紙為最早的書寫用紙,所以有的聖經將之譯為紙草。埃及人將其稜形的莖去皮,留下中間髓的部份拍平後黏起來晒乾,當作類似紙一般的書寫材料。英文 paper 即源自此字 papyrus。蒲草的整枝莖亦可用來編織繩子、籃子甚至造船 (賽18:21)摩西的母親即以此編蒲草箱將他放在裡面,然後擱在河中,直等到法老的女兒發現他 (出2:3)。此外,蒲草的汁液可做為甜味劑與製藥。因此有人認為用蒲草製成的紙卷應該是可以吃的 (結3:1-3)。』

可參閱 第二章 聖經是如何產生的?:『由於紙草的腐朽性,古時的手抄經卷能存留至今的,為數不多。古時最通用的寫作材料是紙草,紙草是由紙草植物製成。此種蘆葦盛產於埃及與敘利亞的淺湖、淺河中。大量的紙草由敘利亞的白百羅港(Byblos)出口。希臘字白百羅乃是書的意思,即由此港得名。英文的紙字(paper)也是從希臘字紙草(papyrus)而來。』

背景介紹:聖經之源﹕抄本、版本、譯本與釋經PPT)〈新約聖經抄本的製作〉(希伯來文教室)(希臘文教室)(〈新約聖經抄本年代表〉)(聖經鑑別與考古)(〈小楷體抄本〉)(〈大楷體抄本〉)(〈近代新約經文校勘學的發展〉)

The Early New Testament Papyri: A Survey of Their SignificanceHow We Got the Bible - Clover(ppt)

Early New Testament Manuscripts and Their Dates; PPT - Bible Manuscripts Most ancient New Testament manuscripts;

The Chester Beatty Papyri (November 19th, 1931 found)

 

部分圖片 (引自http://www.csntm.org/Manuscript;這網頁有很齊全的圖片和介紹)

P1(約公元250年);馬太福音1:1-12

P5(約公元250年);約翰福音

P9(約公元250年);約翰一書4

P10(約公元350年);羅馬書1

P16(約公元300年);腓立比書3

P24(約公元350年);啟示錄5

P52(約公元125年);約翰福音18

P66(約公元200年);約翰福音

P88(約公元350年);馬可福音2

 

以下列表是引自List of New Testament papyri - Wikipedia

 

Name

Date

Content

Institution

Ref #

City, State

Country

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}1

250

Matthew 1

University of Pennsylvania

P. Oxy. 2; E 2746

Philadelphia
Pennsylvania

United States

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}2

550

John 12

National Archaeological Museum

Inv. 7134

Florence

Italy

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}3

600

Luke 7,10

Österreichische Nationalbibliothek

Pap. G. 2323

Vienna

Austria

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}4

175-250

Luke 1-6

National Library of France

Suppl. Gr. 1120

Paris

France

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}5

250

John 1,16,20

British Library

P. Oxy. 208. 1781; Inv. 782. 2484

London

UK

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}6

350

John 10,11

National and University Library

Pap. copt. 379. 381. 382. 384

Strasbourg

France

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}7

300(?)

Luke 4

Vernadsky National Library of Ukraine

Petrov 553

Kiev

Ukraine

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}8

350

Acts 4-6

Staatliche Museen zu Berlin

Inv. 8683

Berlin

Germany

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}9

250

1 John 4

Houghton LibraryHarvard

P. Oxy. 402; Inv. 3736

Cambridge
Massachusetts

United States

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}10

350

Romans 1

Houghton LibraryHarvard

P. Oxy. 209; Inv. 2218

Cambridge
Massachusetts

United States

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}11

550

1 Corinthians 1-7

Russian National Library

Gr. 258A

Saint Petersburg

Russia

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}12

250

Hebrews 1

Morgan Library

Pap. Gr. 3; P. Amherst 3b

New York City

United States

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}13

250

Hebrews 2-5,10-12

British Library
Laurentian Library

P. Oxy. 657; Inv. 1532 v
PSI 1292

London
Florence

UK
Italy

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}14

450

1 Corinthians 1-3

Saint Catherine's Monastery

14

Sinai

Egypt

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}15

250

1 Corinthians 7-8

Egyptian Museum

P. Oxy. 1008; JE 47423

Cairo

Egypt

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}16

300

Philippians 3-4

Egyptian Museum

P. Oxy. 1009; JE 47424

Cairo

Egypt

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}17

350

Hebrews 9

Cambridge University Library

P. Oxy. 1078; Add. 5893

Cambridge

UK

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}18

300

Revelation 1 †

British Library

P. Oxy. 1079; Inv. 2053v

London

UK

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}19

400

Matthew 10-11 †

Bodleian Library

P. Oxy. 1170; Gr. bibl. d. 6 (P)

Oxford

UK

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}20

250

James 2-3 †

Princeton University Library

P. Oxy. 1171; AM 4117

Princeton
New Jersey

United States

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}21

200

Matthew 12 †

Muhlenberg College

P. Oxy. 1227; Theol. Pap. 3

Allentown
Pennsylvania

United States

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}22

250

John 15-16 †

Glasgow University Library

P. Oxy. 1228; MS 2-X.I

Glasgow

UK

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}23

250

James 1 †

University of Illinois

P. Oxy. 1229; G. P. 1229

Urbana, Illinois

United States

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}24

350

Revelation 5-6 †

Franklin Trask Library
Andover Newton Theological School

P. Oxy. 1230; OP 1230

Newton
Massachusetts

United States

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}25

350

Matthew 18-19 †

Staatliche Museen zu Berlin

Inv. 16388

Berlin

Germany

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}26

600

Romans 1 †

(Joseph S) Bridwell Library
Southern Methodist University

P. Oxy. 1354

Dallas, Texas

United States

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}27

250

Romans 8-9 †

Cambridge University Library

P. Oxy. 1355; Add. 7211

Cambridge

UK

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}28

250

John 6 †

Palestine Institute Museum
Pacific School of Religion

P. Oxy. 1596; Pap. 2

Berkeley
California

United States

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}29

250

Acts 26 †

Bodleian Library

P. Oxy. 1597; Gr. bibl. g. 4 (P)

Oxford

UK

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}30

250

1 Ths 4-5; 2 Ths 1

Ghent University Library

P. Oxy. 1598; Inv. 61

Ghent

Belgium

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}31

650

Romans 12 †

John Rylands University Library

P. Ryl. 4; Gr. P. 4

Manchester

UK

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}32

200

Titus 1:11-15; 2:3-8 †

John Rylands University Library

P. Ryl. 5; G. P. 5

Manchester

UK

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}33={\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}58

550

Acts 7 †

Österreichische Nationalbibliothek

Pap. G. 17973, 26133, 35831, 39783

Vienna

Austria

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}34

650

1 Co 16; 2 Co 5,10-11

Österreichische Nationalbibliothek

Pap. G. 39784

Vienna

Austria

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}35

350(?)

Matthew 25

Laurentian Library

PSI 1

Florence

Italy

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}36

550

John 3

Laurentian Library

PSI 3

Florence

Italy

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}37

300

Matthew 26

University of Michigan

P. Mich. 137; Inv. 1570

Ann Arbor
Michigan

United States

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}38

300

Acts 18-19

University of Michigan

P. Mich. 138; Inv. 1571

Ann Arbor
Michigan

United States

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}39

250

John 8

Green Collection

P. Oxy. 1780; Inv. 8864

Oklahoma City
Oklahoma

United States

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}40

250

Romans 1-4,6,9

Institute for Papyrology
University of Heidelberg

P. Bad. 57; Inv. 45

Heidelberg

Germany

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}41

750

Acts 17-22

Österreichische Nationalbibliothek

Pap. K. 7541-48

Vienna

Austria

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}42

700

Luke 1-2

Österreichische Nationalbibliothek

Pap. K. 8706

Vienna

Austria

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}43

600

Revelation 2,15-16

British Library

Inv. 2241

London

UK

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}44

600

Matthew 17-18,25

Metropolitan Museum of Art

Inv. 14. 1. 527, 1 fol

New York City

United States

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}45

250

Mt 20-21, 25-26Mk 4-9,11-12;

Lk 6-7,9-14; Jn 4-5,10-11; Acts 4-17

Chester Beatty Library
Österreichische Nationalbibliothek

BP I
Pap. g. 31974

Dublin
Vienna

Ireland
Austria

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}46

200

Ro 5-6,8-16; 1 Co2 Co;

GalEphPhpCol1 ThHeb

Chester Beatty Library
University of Michigan

BP II
Inv. 6238

Dublin
Ann Arbor, Michigan

Ireland
United States

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}47

250

Revelation 9-17

Chester Beatty Library

BP III

Dublin

Ireland

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}48

250

Acts 23

Laurentian Library

PSI 1165

Florence

Italy

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}49

250

Ephesians 4-5

Yale University Library

P. 415

New Haven
Connecticut

United States

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}50

300

Acts 8,10

Yale University Library

P. 1543

New Haven
Connecticut

United States

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}51

400

Galatians 1

Sackler Library

P. Oxy. 2157

Oxford

UK

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}52

125

John 18:31-33; 18:37-38

John Rylands University Library

Gr. P. 457

Manchester

UK

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}53

250

Matthew 26Acts 9-10

University of Michigan

Inv. 6652

Ann Arbor
Michigan

United States

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}54

500

James 2-3

Princeton University Library

P. Princ. 15; Garrett Depots 7742

Princeton
New Jersey

United States

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}55

600

John 1

Österreichische Nationalbibliothek

Pap. G. 26214

Vienna

Austria

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}56

500

Acts 1

Österreichische Nationalbibliothek

Pap. G. 19918

Vienna

Austria

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}57

400

Acts 4-5

Österreichische Nationalbibliothek

Pap. G. 26020

Vienna

Austria

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}58={\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}33

550

Acts 15 †

Österreichische Nationalbibliothek

Pap. G. 17973, 26133, 35831, 39783

Vienna

Austria

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}59

650

John 1-2,11-12,17-18,21

Morgan Library

P. Colt 3

New York City

United States

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}60

650

John 16-19

Morgan Library

P. Colt 4

New York City

United States

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}61

700

Ro 16; 1 Co 1,5; Php 3; Col 1,4;

1 Th 1; Tit 3; Phm

Morgan Library

P. Colt 5

New York City

United States

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}62

350

Matthew 11

Oslo University Library

Inv. 1661

Oslo

Norway

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}63

500

John 3-4

Staatliche Museen zu Berlin

Inv. 11914

Berlin

Germany

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}64+67

200

Matthew 3, 5, 26

Magdalen College
Fundación Sant Lluc Evangelista

Gr. 18
Inv. I

Oxford
Barcelona

UK
Spain

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}65

250

1 Thessalonians 1-2

Girolamo Vitelli Papyrological Institute

PSI 1373

Florence

Italy

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}66

200

John

Bodmer library

P. Bodmer II

Cologny, Geneva

Switzerland

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}68

650(?)

1 Corinthians 4-5

Russian National Library

Gr. 258B

Saint Petersburg

Russia

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}69

250

Luke 22

Sackler Library

P. Oxy. 2383

Oxford

UK

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}70

250

Matthew 2-3, 11-12, 24

Sackler Library

P. Oxy. 2384

Oxford

UK

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}71

350

Matthew 19

Sackler Library

P. Oxy. 2385

Oxford

UK

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}72

300

1 Peter2 PeterJude

Bodmer library

P. Bodmer VII, VIII

Cologny, Geneva

Switzerland

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}73

650

Matthew 25-26

Bodmer library

P. Bodmer L

Cologny, Geneva

Switzerland

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}74

650

ActsJames1 Pe 1-3; 2 Pe 2-3;

1 Jo2 Jo3 Jo

Bodmer library

P. Bodmer XVII

Cologny, Geneva

Switzerland

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}75

175-225

Luke 3-18,22-24; John 1-15

Vatican Apostolic Library

P. Bodmer XIV, XV

Vatican City

Vatican City

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}76

550

John 4

Österreichische Nationalbibliothek

Pap. G. 36102

Vienna

Austria

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}77

200

Matthew 23

Sackler Library

P. Oxy. 2683 and 4405

Oxford

UK

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}78

300

Jude

Sackler Library

P. Oxy. 2684

Oxford

UK

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}79

650

Hebrews 10

Staatliche Museen zu Berlin

Inv. 6774

Berlin

Germany

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}80

250

John 3

Fundación Sant Lluc Evangelista

Inv. 83

Barcelona

Spain

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}81

350

1 Peter 2-3

Professor Sergio Daris, University of Trieste

Inv. 20

Trieste

Italy

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}82

400

Luke 7

National and University Library

Gr. 2677

Strasbourg

France

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}83

550

Matthew 20, 23-24

Catholic University of Leuven Library

P. A. M. Kh. Mird 16, 29

Leuven

Belgium

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}84

550

Mark 2,6; John 5,17

Catholic University of Leuven Library

P. A. M. Kh. Mird 4, 11

Leuven

Belgium

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}85

400

Revelation 9-10

National and University Library

Gr. 1028

Strasbourg

France

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}86

350

Matthew 5

Institut für Altertumskunde
University of Cologne

Theol. 5516

Cologne

Germany

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}87

250

Philemon

Institut für Altertumskunde
University of Cologne

Theol. 12

Cologne

Germany

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}88

350

Mark 2

Catholic University of the Sacred Heart

Inv. 69.24

Milan

Italy

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}89

350

Hebrews 6

Laurentian Library

PL III/292

Florence

Italy

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}90

150

John 18:36-19:1; 19:1-7 †

Sackler Library

P. Oxy. 3523; 65 6 B. 32/M (3-5)a

Oxford

UK

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}91

250

Acts 2:30-37;
2:46-3:2

Università degli Studi di Milano
Macquarie University

P. Mil. Vofl. Inv. 1224
P. Macquarie inv. 360

Milan
Sydney

Italy
Australia

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}92

300

Ephesians 1; 2 Thessalonians 1

Egyptian Museum

PNarmuthis 69.39a/229a

Cairo

Egypt

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}93

450

John 13 †

Girolamo Vitelli Papyrological Institute

PSI 108

Florence

Italy

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}94

500

Romans 6

Egyptian Museum

P. Cair. 10730

Cairo

Egypt

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}95

250

John 5

Laurentian Library

PL II/31

Florence

Italy

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}96

550

Matthew 3

Österreichische Nationalbibliothek

Pap. K 7244

Vienna

Austria

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}97

600

Luke 14

Chester Beatty Library

BP XVII

Dublin

Ireland

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}98

150(?)

Revelation 1

Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale

P. IFAO inv. 237b

Cairo

Egypt

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}99

400

Glossary, words and phrases from:

Ro2 CoGal and Eph

Chester Beatty Library

BP XXI (Ac. 1499), fol 11-14

Dublin

Ireland

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}100

300

James 3-5

Sackler Library

P. Oxy. 4449

Oxford

UK

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}101

250

Matthew 3-4

Sackler Library

P. Oxy. 4401

Oxford

UK

{\displaystyle {\mathfrak {P}}}102

300

Matthew 4

Sackler Library

P. Oxy. 4402

Oxford

UK